Do you know the ingredients of C4 Pre Workout supplement? Are the ingredients in C4 Pre Workout safe for consumption?
Dietary supplements are products designed to augment your daily intake of nutrients, including vitamins and minerals. Normally, you should be able to get all the nutrients you need from a balanced diet. However, supplements can provide you with extra nutrients when your diet is lacking or certain health conditions trigger a deficiency.
While most dietary supplements are safe as long as you follow the product instructions, large doses of a certain ingredient can have adverse effects. Also, some may not contain the ingredients that they claim to have.
So understanding what ingredients C4 Pre Workout supplement contain is the most critical step before making a purchase.
Over the past few weeks, I have done thorough research about the ingredients of C4 Pre Workout supplement. So I can tell you whether it’s safe to consume C4 Pre Workout supplement.
I’m going to cover the benefits and potential side effects of the C4 Pre Workout ingredients in this article.
What are the C4 Pre Workout Ingredients?
Before we talk about the benefits and side effects of the C4 Pre Workout Ingredients, let me give you a brief overview of the ingredients used in C4 Pre Workout supplement.
C4 Pre Workout supplement contains the following ingredients:
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin B6
- Folic Acid
- Vitamin B12
- Beta Alanine
- Creatine Nitrate
- Arginine AKG
- Caffeine Anhydrous
- Mucuna pruriens
Vitamin C is an essential vitamin, meaning your body can’t produce it. Yet, it has many roles and has been linked to impressive health benefits.
It’s water-soluble and found in many fruits and vegetables, including oranges, strawberries, kiwi fruit, bell peppers, broccoli, kale, and spinach.
The recommended daily intake for vitamin C is 75 mg for women and 90 mg for men.
While it’s commonly advised to get your vitamin C intake from foods, many people turn to supplements to meet their needs.
Niacin is one of the eight B vitamins, and it’s also called vitamin B3.
There are two main chemical forms of niacin:
- nicotinic acid
- niacinamide (sometimes called nicotinamide)
Both forms are found in foods as well as supplements.
The key role of niacin in your body is to synthesize the coenzymes nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP), which are involved in over 400 biochemical reactions in your body — mainly related to obtaining energy from the food you eat.
Niacin is water-soluble, so your body does not store it. This also means that your body can excrete excess amounts of the vitamin through urine if they are not needed.
Your body gets niacin through food, but it also makes small amounts from the amino acid tryptophan, which can be found in protein sources like turkey and other animal foods.
Vitamin B6, also known as pyridoxine, is a water-soluble vitamin that your body needs for several functions.
It’s significant to protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism and the creation of red blood cells and neurotransmitters.
Your body cannot produce vitamin B6, so you must obtain it from foods or supplements.
Most people get enough vitamin B6 through their diet, but certain populations may be at risk for deficiency.
Consuming adequate amounts of vitamin B6 is important for optimal health and may even prevent and treat chronic diseases.
Folic acid is a water-soluble vitamin. It’s a synthetic version of folate, one of the B vitamins.
Because your body can’t make folate, you need to get it from your diet.
Some foods naturally contain folate. Folic acid is added to other foods. You can also get folic acid from dietary supplements.
Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is an essential vitamin that your body needs but cannot produce.
It’s found naturally in animal products, but also added to certain foods and available as an oral supplement or injection
Vitamin B12 has many roles in your body. It supports the normal function of your nerve cells and is needed for red blood cell formation and DNA synthesis.
For most adults, the recommended daily intake (RDI) is 2.4 mcg, though it’s higher for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Vitamin B12 may benefit your body in impressive ways, such as by boosting your energy, improving your memory and helping prevent heart disease.
Calcium is a nutrient that all living organisms need, including humans. It is the most abundant mineral in the body, and it is vital for bone health.
Humans need calcium to build and maintain strong bones, and 99% of the body’s calcium is in the bones and teeth. It is also necessary for maintaining healthy communication between the brain and other parts of the body. It plays a role in muscle movement and cardiovascular function.
Calcium occurs naturally in many foods, and food manufacturers add it to certain products. Supplements are also available.
Alongside calcium, people also need vitamin D, as this vitamin helps the body absorb calcium. Vitamin D comes from fish oil, fortified dairy products, and exposure to sunlight.
Beta-alanine is a non-essential amino acid. This means that the body produces it so that people do not have to get it through food. Typically, amino acids combine in the body to create proteins. However, beta-alanine joins with the amino acid histidine to form a dipeptide called carnosine.
The body stores carnosine in the muscles and other tissues. Carnosine helps reduce acid accumulation in the muscles during exercise, reducing fatigue and leading to better athletic performance.
In the mid-2000s, research led by Professor Roger Harris found that dietary supplementation with beta-alanine could increase the amount of carnosine available in muscles and enhance exercise performance.
Creatine nitrate is a synthetic formulation of creatine monohydrate, a widely used dietary supplement. It is made by combining nitric acid and creatine in water.
According to its proponents, creatine nitrate combines the beneficial effects of creatine and nitrate supplementation. Numerous studies report the improvements in exercise performance from both molecules.
As the use of creatine nitrate becomes more popular, more studies are required to validate its beneficial effects on physical performance.
L-arginine is an amino acid. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins and divided into essential and nonessential categories. Nonessential amino acids are made in the body, but essential amino acids are not. As such, they must be provided through dietary intake.
L-arginine is considered semi-essential or conditionally essential, meaning that it becomes essential under certain circumstances and conditions, including pregnancy, infancy, critical illness, and trauma.
It’s necessary for the production of nitric oxide, a signaling molecule that’s needed for a variety of bodily processes and functions, including blood flow regulation, mitochondrial function, and cellular communication.
Additionally, it acts as a precursor to other amino acids, including glutamate, proline, and creatine, and is essential for the health and functioning of your immune system.
Arginine is necessary for the development of T-cells, which are white blood cells that play central roles in immune response.
Because L-arginine has so many critical roles in your body, a deficiency in this amino acid can disrupt cellular and organ function and lead to serious adverse health outcomes.
L-arginine is produced in several ways. It can be synthesized from the amino acid citrulline through the breakdown of body proteins, or it can be obtained through dietary protein intake.
It’s concentrated in certain protein-rich foods, including meat, poultry, dairy, nuts, soy products, and fish. The average daily intake of L-arginine from foods is reported to be 4–6 grams.
For reference, research shows that a typical Western diet provides between 25–30% of total arginine present in the body.
Additionally, L-arginine can be obtained by taking supplements. L-arginine supplements are widely available and can be found in powder, liquid, capsule, and tablet form at grocery stores, supplement stores, and online.
Tyrosine is an amino acid that is naturally produced in the body from another amino acid called phenylalanine.
It’s found in many foods, especially in cheese, where it was first discovered. In fact, “tyros” means “cheese” in Greek.
It is also found in chicken, turkey, fish, dairy products and most other high-protein foods.
Tyrosine helps make several important substances, including:
- Dopamine: Dopamine regulates your reward and pleasure centers. This important brain chemical is also important for memory and motor skills.
- Adrenaline and noradrenaline: These hormones are responsible for the fight-or-flight response to stressful situations. They prepare the body to “fight” or “flee” from a perceived attack or harm.
- Thyroid hormones: Thyroid hormones are produced by the thyroid gland and primarily responsible for regulating metabolism.
- Melanin: This pigment gives your skin, hair and eyes their color. Dark-skinned people have more melanin in their skin than light-skinned people.
It’s also available as a dietary supplement. You can purchase it alone or blended with other ingredients, such as in a pre-workout supplement.
Supplementing with tyrosine is thought to increase levels of the neurotransmitters dopamine, adrenaline and norepinephrine.
By increasing these neurotransmitters, it may help improve memory and performance in stressful situations.
Caffeine anhydrous (without water) is the processed, dehydrated form of caffeine. It’s becoming an increasingly popular supplement among athletes and those with specific weight loss goals and is often the form of caffeine found in caffeinated chewing gum and energy bars.
Due to the process of creating anhydrous caffeine, it is a much more potent form of powdered caffeine, thus making it a much more efficient way to supplement caffeine.
Mucuna pruriens, also known by its Sanskrit name kapikacchu, is a nutritive tonic and adaptogen commonly used to nourish the nervous system, support healthy sexual energy, and strengthen and tone the reproductive organs.
This beautiful plant with its velvety seed pods is also a natural source of levodopa (L-dopa), which is an essential precursor to the neurotransmitter dopamine. Thanks to this attribute, it’s revered for its ability to uplift one’s mood and enhance a sense of emotional well-being.
Theacrine is a naturally occurring chemical that is similar to caffeine. It is found in different types of tea and coffee, as well as in the seeds of the Herrania and Theocrama plant species. It is also found in the tea plant Camellia assamica var. kucha, which has been used traditionally to prolong life and cure the common cold.
People take theacrine by mouth for aging, the common cold, fatigue, and mental performance. Theacrine is also added to pre-workout supplements promoted for improving athletic performance.
Benefits of C4 Pre Workout Ingredients
The ingredients in C4 Pre Workout supplement are carefully sourced and formulated. There are many benefits to your health.
1. Boosts immunity
C4 Pre Workout contains vitamin C. One of the main reasons people take vitamin C supplements is to boost their immunity, as vitamin C is involved in many parts of the immune system.
First, vitamin C helps encourage the production of white blood cells known as lymphocytes and phagocytes, which help protect the body against infection.
Second, vitamin C helps these white blood cells function more effectively while protecting them from damage by potentially harmful molecules, such as free radicals.
Third, vitamin C is an essential part of the skin’s defense system. It’s actively transported to the skin, where it can act as an antioxidant and help strengthen the skin’s barriers.
Studies have also shown that taking vitamin C may shorten wound healing time.
What’s more, low vitamin C levels have been linked to poor health outcomes.
For example, people who have pneumonia tend to have lower vitamin C levels, and vitamin C supplements have been shown to shorten the recovery time.
2. May lower your risk of heart disease
Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide.
Many factors increase the risk of heart disease, including high blood pressure, high triglyceride or LDL (bad) cholesterol levels, and low levels of HDL (good) cholesterol.
C4 Pre Workout supplement contains Vitamin C. Vitamin C may help reduce these risk factors, which may reduce heart disease risk.
For example, an analysis of 9 studies with a combined 293,172 participants found that after 10 years, people who took at least 700 mg of vitamin C daily had a 25% lower risk of heart disease than those who did not take a vitamin C supplement.
Interestingly, another analysis of 15 studies found that consuming vitamin C from foods — not supplements — was linked to a lower risk of heart disease.
However, scientists were unsure whether people who consumed vitamin-C-rich foods also followed a healthier lifestyle than people who took a supplement. Thus, it remains unclear whether the differences were due to vitamin C or other aspects of their diet.
Another analysis of 13 studies looked at the effects of taking at least 500 mg of vitamin C daily on risk factors for heart disease, such as blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
The analysis found that taking a vitamin C supplement significantly reduced LDL (bad) cholesterol by approximately 7.9 mg/dL and blood triglycerides by 20.1 mg/dL.
In short, it seems that taking or consuming at least 500 mg of vitamin C daily may reduce the risk of heart disease.
3. Boosts brain function
C4 Pre Workout contains niacin. Your brain needs niacin — as a part of the coenzymes NAD and NADP — to get energy and function properly.
In fact, brain fog and even psychiatric symptoms are associated with niacin deficiency.
Some types of schizophrenia can be treated with niacin, as it helps undo damage to brain cells that’s caused by a niacin deficiency.
Preliminary research shows that it could also help keep the brain healthy in cases of Alzheimer’s disease.
4. May Prevent and Treat Anemia by Aiding Hemoglobin Production
C4 Pre Workout contains vitamin B6. Due to its role in hemoglobin production, vitamin B6 may be helpful in preventing and treating anemia caused by deficiency.
Hemoglobin is a protein that delivers oxygen to your cells. When you have low hemoglobin, your cells don’t get enough oxygen. As a result, you may develop anemia and feel weak or tired.
Studies have linked low levels of vitamin B6 with anemia, especially in pregnant women and women of childbearing age.
However, vitamin B6 deficiency is thought to be rare in most healthy adults, so there is limited research on using B6 to treat anemia.
A case study in a 72-year-old woman with anemia due to low B6 found that treatment with the most active form of vitamin B6 improved symptoms.
Another study found that taking 75 mg of vitamin B6 daily during pregnancy decreased symptoms of anemia in 56 pregnant women who were unresponsive to treatment with iron.
5. May Give You an Energy Boost
C4 Pre Workout contain Vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 supplements have long been touted as the go-to product for a surge of energy.
All B vitamins play an important role in your body’s energy production, though they don’t necessarily provide energy themselves.
Currently, there is no scientific evidence to suggest that vitamin B12 supplements can boost energy in those with sufficient levels of this vitamin.
On the other hand, if you’re significantly deficient in vitamin B12, taking a supplement or increasing your intake will likely improve your energy level.
In fact, one of the most common early signs of vitamin B12 deficiency is fatigue or lack of energy.
6. Regulate Muscle contraction
C4 Pre Workout contains calcium. Calcium helps regulate muscle contraction. When a nerve stimulates a muscle, the body releases calcium. The calcium helps the proteins in muscle carry out the work of contraction.
When the body pumps the calcium out of the muscle, the muscle will relax.
7. Reduces exhaustion
C4 Pre Workout contains Beta-alanine. Beta-alanine may help a person exercise for longer periods before they become exhausted. Some evidence notes that beta-alanine supplementation can improve performance in endurance sports, such as long distance running.
While the exercise type and duration of physical activity likely play a large role, evidence notes that beta-alanine provides an ergogenic effect, meaning it gives energy to help improve performance.
8. Increase Muscle Mass & Strength
C4 Pre Workout contains Creatine Nitrate. A meta-analysis of 22 studies found that creatine supplementation increased lean tissue mass and muscle strength in older adults aged 57-70 years.
Creatine nitrate increased fat-free and lean mass after a 28-day consumption in a study (DB-RCT) on 48 healthy men.
9. May Improve Mental Performance in Stressful Situations
Stress is something that everyone experiences.
This stress can negatively affect your reasoning, memory, attention and knowledge by decreasing neurotransmitters.
For example, rodents who were exposed to cold (an environmental stressor) had impaired memory due to a decline in neurotransmitters.
However, when these rodents were given a tyrosine supplement, the decline in neurotransmitters was reversed and their memory was restored. C4 Pre Workout contains tyrosine.
While rodent data does not necessarily translate to humans, human studies have found similar results.
In one study in 22 women, tyrosine significantly improved working memory during a mentally demanding task, compared to a placebo. Working memory plays an important role in concentration and following instructions.
In a similar study, 22 participants were given either a tyrosine supplement or placebo before completing a test used to measure cognitive flexibility. Compared to the placebo, tyrosine was found to improve cognitive flexibility.
Cognitive flexibility is the ability to switch between tasks or thoughts. The quicker a person can switch tasks, the greater their cognitive flexibility.
Additionally, supplementing with tyrosine has been shown to benefit those who are sleep deprived. A single dose of it helped people who lost a night’s sleep stay alert for three hours longer than they otherwise would.
What’s more, two reviews concluded that supplementing with tyrosine can reverse mental decline and improve cognition in short-term, stressful or mentally demanding situations.
Side Effects of C4 Pre Workout Ingredients
When taken at the recommended doses, the ingredients in C4 Pre Workout supplement are generally safe to consume. However, you should bear in mind that some may cause side effects when used improperly.
For example, C4 Pre Workout contains Tyrosine. Tyrosine is commonly consumed in foods. Tyrosine is possibly safe for most people. However, some people might experience side effects such as nausea, headache, fatigue, and heartburn.
Final Verdict: Are C4 Pre Workout Ingredients Safe or Harmful?
To conclude, the ingredients used in C4 Pre Workout supplement are generally safe for adults. They are natural ingredients that do not usually have any side effects, but it should not be used by kids or women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. All you need to do is follow the dosage instructions.
However, while there have been no reported side effects of C4 Pre Workout supplements in most healthy adults, you might still consult your doctor for double confirmation.