Athletic Greens Ingredients – Any Side Effects? Exposed!

Do you know the ingredients of Athletic Greens supplement? Are the ingredients in Athletic Greens safe for consumption?

Dietary supplements are products designed to augment your daily intake of nutrients, including vitamins and minerals. Normally, you should be able to get all the nutrients you need from a balanced diet. However, supplements can provide you with extra nutrients when your diet is lacking or certain health conditions trigger a deficiency.

While most dietary supplements are safe as long as you follow the product instructions, large doses of a certain ingredient can have adverse effects. Also, some may not contain the ingredients that they claim to have.

So understanding what ingredients Athletic Greens supplement contain is the most critical step before making a purchase.

Over the past few weeks, I have done thorough research about the ingredients of Athletic Greens supplement. So I can tell you whether it’s safe to consume Athletic Greens supplement.

I’m going to cover the benefits and potential side effects of the Athletic Greens ingredients in this article.

What are the Athletic Greens Ingredients?

Before we talk about the benefits and side effects of the Athletic Greens Ingredients, let me give you a brief overview of the ingredients used in Athletic Greens supplement.

Athletic Greens supplement contains the following ingredients:

  • Alpha Lipoic Acid
  • Biotin
  • Bromelain
  • CoQ10
  • Folate
  • Copper
  • Magnesium Glycinate
  • Manganese
  • Acerola
  • Alfalfa
  • Apple
  • Artichoke
  • Barley Grass
  • Bilberry
  • Bifidobacterium Bifidum
  • Inulin
  • Ashwagandha
  • Astragalus
  • Beet Powder
  • Burdock Root

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Alpha Lipoic Acid

Alpha-lipoic acid is an organic compound found in all human cells.

It’s made inside the mitochondrion — also known as the powerhouse of cells — where it helps enzymes turn nutrients into energy.

What’s more, it has powerful antioxidant properties.

Alpha-lipoic acid is both water- and fat-soluble, which allows it to work in every cell or tissue in the body. Meanwhile, most other antioxidants are either water- or fat-soluble.

For instance, vitamin C is only water-soluble, while vitamin E is only fat-soluble.

The antioxidant properties of alpha-lipoic acid have been linked to several benefits, including lower blood sugar levels, reduced inflammation, slowed skin aging, and improved nerve function.

Humans only produce alpha-lipoic acid in small amounts. That’s why many turn to certain foods or supplements to optimize their intake.

Animal products like red meat and organ meats are great sources of alpha-lipoic acid, but plant foods like broccoli, tomatoes, spinach, and Brussels sprouts also contain it.

That said, supplements can pack up to 1,000 times more alpha-lipoic acid than food sources.

Biotin

Also known as vitamin H, biotin is one of the B complex vitamins that help the body convert food into energy.

The word “biotin” comes from the ancient Greek word “biotos,” which means “life” or “sustenance.” B vitamins, and specifically biotin, help keep your skin, hair, eyes, liver, and nervous system healthy. Biotin is also a crucial nutrient during pregnancy, as it’s important for embryonic growth.

Most people get the biotin they need from eating a healthy diet, but there have been many claims that getting more biotin can regulate your blood sugar, promote healthy hair, skin, and nails, and help pregnant moms have healthier babies.

Bromelain

Bromelain is a protein-digesting enzyme mixture derived from the stem, fruit, and juice of the pineapple plant. It has a centuries-long history of being used to treat medical ailments, primarily throughout Central and South America.

It is currently categorized as a dietary supplement, and generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Bromelain may be used alone or in conjunction with other medications. People use bromelain topically, to remove dead skin from burns, and orally, to reduce inflammation and swelling — particularly of the nasal passages.

Bromelain is also used as a digestive aid, for osteoarthritis, and to reduce soreness in aching muscles.

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CoQ10

CoQ10 is a compound made by your body and stored in the mitochondria of your cells.

The mitochondria are in charge of producing energy. They also protect cells from oxidative damage and disease-causing bacteria or viruses.

CoQ10 production decreases as you age. Thus, older people seem to be deficient in this compound.

Some other causes of CoQ10 deficiency include:

  • Nutritional deficiencies, such as vitamin B6 deficiency
  • Genetic defects in CoQ10 synthesis or utilization
  • Increased demands by tissues as a consequence of disease
  • Mitochondrial diseases
  • Oxidative stress due to aging
  • Side effects of statin treatments

Research has shown that CoQ10 plays several key roles in your body.

One of its primary functions is to help generate energy in your cells. It’s involved in making adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is involved in energy transfer within cells.

Its other crucial role is to serve as an antioxidant and protect cells from oxidative damage.

Excessive amounts of free radicals lead to oxidative damage, which can interfere with regular cell functioning. This is known to cause many health conditions.

Given that ATP is used to carry out all the body’s functions and oxidative damage is destructive to cells, it is not surprising that some chronic diseases have been linked to low levels of CoQ10.

CoQ10 is present in every cell of your body. However, the highest concentrations are found in organs with the greatest energy demands, such as the heart, kidneys, lungs and liver.

Folate

Folate is present in a wide range of foods, including fruit, vegetables, legumes, and eggs. Many foods are also fortified with folic acid, which is a synthetic form of folate.

Folate is an essential B vitamin necessary for producing red and white blood cells in bone marrow, producing DNA and RNA, and transforming carbohydrates into energy. Having an adequate amount of folate is especially important during periods of rapid growth, such as pregnancy, infancy, and adolescence.

Copper

Copper is an essential trace mineral necessary for survival. It is found in all body tissues and plays a role in making red blood cells and maintaining nerve cells and the immune system.

It also helps the body form collagen and absorb iron, and plays a role in energy production.

Most copper in the body is found in the liver, brain, heart, kidneys, and skeletal muscle.

Both too much and too little copper can affect how the brain works. Impairments have been linked to Menkes, Wilson’s, and Alzheimer’s disease

Deficiency is rare, but it can lead to cardiovascular disease and other problems.

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Magnesium Glycinate

Magnesium glycinate has been shown to have a variety of benefits, including helping to:

  • relieve anxiety
  • promote bone health
  • manage blood sugar in people with diabetes and may lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes
  • maintain normal heart rhythms
  • reduce symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
  • amplify exercise performance
  • It may also help reduce pain

Certain conditions or risks can improve with magnesium supplementation, including:

  • fibromyalgia, according to a study published in Rheumatology International
  • chronic fatigue syndrome, as reported in a study in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
  • risk of stroke, heart failure, diabetes, and all-cause mortality, according to a study published in the journal BMC Medicine

Manganese

​​Manganese is a trace mineral, which your body needs in small amounts.

It’s required for the normal functioning of your brain, nervous system and many of your body’s enzyme systems.

While your body stores up to about 20 mg of manganese in your kidneys, liver, pancreas and bones, you also need to get it from your diet.

Manganese is considered an essential nutrient and can be found especially in seeds and whole grains, as well as in smaller amounts in legumes, beans, nuts, leafy green vegetables and tea.

Acerola

Acerola cherry is a plant that is native to tropical regions of the Western Hemisphere. It’s also commonly called the West Indies cherry, Barbados cherry, or just simply “acerola.” It’s believed that the shrub-like plant originated in southern Mexico and the Caribbean.

Acerola produces cherry-like berries, but it’s not a true cherry. These berries are pleasant-tasting and have been used in modern and folk medicine. Traditional uses include treatment for liver ailments, diarrhea, dysentery, coughs, and colds.

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Alfalfa

​​Alfalfa, also known as lucerne or Medicago sativa, is a plant that has been grown as feed for livestock for hundreds of years.

It was long prized for its superior content of vitamins, minerals, and protein compared to other feed sources.

Alfalfa is a part of the legume family, but it’s also considered an herb.

It seems to have originally come from South and Central Asia, but it has been grown around the world for centuries.

In addition to being used as feed, it has a long history of use as a medicinal herb for humans.

Its seeds or dried leaves can be taken as a supplement, or the seeds can be sprouted and eaten in the form of alfalfa sprouts.

Apple

With over 7,000 different cultivars available worldwide, it’s no surprise that apples are the most widely consumed fruit globally.

From sweet red varieties, like Red Delicious, Fuji or Gala, to tangy green ones, like Granny Smith — my personal favorite that I enjoy with lime juice and a little salt when I want a savory snack — there sure is an apple for everyone.

They’re commonly used in recipes, like pies, cookies, muffins, jam, salads, oatmeal, or smoothies. They also make a great snack on their own or wedged and smeared with nut butter.

In addition to their culinary versatility and numerous colors and flavors to choose from, apples are an exceptionally healthy fruit with many research-backed benefits.

Artichoke

Although often considered a vegetable, artichokes (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus) are a type of thistle.

This plant originated in the Mediterranean and has been used for centuries for its potential medicinal properties.

Its alleged health benefits include lower blood sugar levels and improved digestion, heart health, and liver health.

Artichoke extract, which contains high concentrations of compounds found in the plant, is also increasingly popular as a supplement.

Barley Grass

Barley is a type of grain that’s considered the fourth most important cereal crop around the globe.

Also known as barley leaves and barley greens, barley grass is the leaf of the barley plant. It has been studied extensively for its beneficial health effects and is often featured in green juices and supplements.

Although fresh barley grass can be tricky to find, it’s available in other forms, including powders, juices, tablets, and gummies.

It’s often combined with other ingredients in green blends, including kale, spirulina, and wheatgrass.

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Bilberry

Bilberries (Vaccinium myrtillus) are small, blue berries native to Northern Europe.

They’re often referred to as European blueberries, as they’re very similar in appearance to North American blueberries.

Bilberries have purportedly been used for medicinal purposes since the Middle Ages, while their juice was traditionally used to dye linen and paper.

Nowadays, they’re linked to various health benefits, from improved vision to lower blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

Bifidobacterium Bifidum

Bifidobacterium bifidum (B. bifidum) is a type of probiotic (“good” bacteria) that lives in the intestines. It produces lactic and acetic acid in the gut.

“Good” bacteria such as B. bifidum can help break down food, absorb nutrients, and fight off “bad” organisms that might cause diseases. B. bifidum is commonly found in the feces of breastfed infants and is used in probiotic supplements.

People use B. bifidum for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and respiratory infections. It is also used for eczema, constipation, diarrhea, and many other conditions.

Inulin

Inulin is categorized under a class of compounds called fructans, made up of fructose molecules linked together in a way that’s not easily digested by the gastrointestinal tract. 

Instead, it moves to the lower gut to function as a prebiotic or food source for the beneficial bacteria. Inulin is converted into short-chain fatty acids by gut bacteria, to nourish colonic cells. Inulin is low in sugar as well as low in calories providing two calories per gram. Inulin is a soluble fiber found in many plants such as chicory root, garlic, Jerusalem artichokes, jicama, and onion.

Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha is one of the most important herbs in Ayurveda, which is a traditional form of alternative medicine based on Indian principles of natural healing.

People have used ashwagandha for thousands of years to relieve stress, increase energy levels, and improve concentration.

“Ashwagandha” is Sanskrit for “smell of the horse,” which refers to both the herb’s scent and its potential ability to increase strength.

Its botanical name is Withania somnifera, and it’s also known by several other names, including “Indian ginseng” and “winter cherry.”

The ashwagandha plant is a small shrub with yellow flowers that’s native to India and Southeast Asia. Extracts or powder from the plant’s root or leaves are used to treat a variety of conditions, including anxiety and fertility issues.

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Astragalus

Astragalus is a herb that has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries.

It has many purported health benefits, including immune-boosting, anti-aging and anti-inflammatory effects.

Astragalus is believed to prolong life and used to treat a wide variety of ailments, such as fatigue, allergies and the common cold. It’s also used against heart disease, diabetes and other conditions.

Beet Powder

​​Beetroot juice may offer a range of health benefits due to its unique combination of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.

Beetroots, or beets, have risen in popularity now that researchers have identified links between drinking beetroot juice and lowered blood pressure, reduced inflammation, and improved athletic performance.

Beetroots have an excellent nutritional profile that includes plenty of essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. They also contain unique bioactive compounds called betalains, which may benefit a person’s health.

People can get these benefits from consuming whole beetroots or their juice.

Burdock Root

Burdock root is a vegetable native to Northern Asia and Europe, though it now grows in the United States. The burdock plant’s deep roots are very long and vary in color from beige to brown and nearly black on the outside.

Burdock root has been used for centuries in holistic medicine to treat a variety of different conditions. Traditionally, it’s been most commonly used as a diuretic and a digestive aid (1).

Now, researchers have discovered numerous potential uses and health benefits for burdock root. These benefits may be extensive enough to warrant using burdock root as a complementary treatment for certain conditions.

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Benefits of Athletic Greens Ingredients

The ingredients in Athletic Greens supplement are carefully sourced and formulated. There are many benefits to your health.

1. May Reduce Skin Aging

Athletic Greens supplement contains alpha-lipoic acid. Research has shown that alpha-lipoic acid may help fight signs of skin aging.

In one human study, scientists found that applying a cream containing alpha-lipoic acid to the skin reduced fine lines, wrinkles, and skin roughness with no side effects.

When alpha-lipoic acid is applied to the skin, it incorporates itself into the skin’s inner layers and offers antioxidant protection against the sun’s harmful UV radiation.

Moreover, alpha-lipoic acid raises the levels of other antioxidants, such as glutathione, which help protect against skin damage and may reduce signs of aging.

2. Promotes healthy nerve function

Athletic Greens contains alpha-lipoic acid. Research has shown that alpha-lipoic acid promotes healthy nerve function.

In fact, it’s been found to slow the progression of carpal tunnel syndrome in its early stages. This condition is characterized by numbness or tingling in the hand caused by a pinched nerve.

Moreover, taking alpha-lipoic acid before and after surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome has been shown to improve recovery outcomes.

Studies have also discovered that alpha-lipoic acid may ease symptoms of diabetic neuropathy, which is nerve pain caused by uncontrolled diabetes.

3. Reduces inflammation

Athletic Greens contains alpha-lipoic acid. Chronic inflammation is linked to several diseases, including cancer and diabetes.

Alpha-lipoic acid has been shown to lower several markers of inflammation.

In an analysis of 11 studies, alpha-lipoic acid significantly lowered levels of the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP) in adults with high levels of CRP.

In test-tube studies, alpha-lipoic acid has reduced markers of inflammation, including NF-kB, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, MMP-2, MMP-9, and IL-6.

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4. Could Help With Exercise Performance

Oxidative stress can affect muscle function, and thus, exercise performance.

Similarly, abnormal mitochondrial function can reduce muscle energy, making it hard for muscles to contract efficiently and sustain exercise.

Athletic Greens Supplement contains CoQ10. CoQ10 can help exercise performance by decreasing oxidative stress in the cells and improving mitochondrial functions.

In fact, one study investigated the effects of CoQ10 on physical activity. Those supplementing with 1,200 mg of CoQ10 per day for 60 days showed decreased oxidative stress.

Moreover, supplementing with CoQ10 can help increase power during exercise and reduce fatigue, both of which can improve exercise performance.

5. Could Help With Diabetes

Oxidative stress can induce cell damage. This can result in metabolic diseases like diabetes.

Abnormal mitochondrial function has also been linked to insulin resistance.

Athletic Greens Supplement contains CoQ10. CoQ10 has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and regulate blood sugar levels.

Supplementing with CoQ10 might also help increase CoQ10 concentrations in the blood by up to three times in people with diabetes who typically show low levels of this compound.

Also, one study had people with type 2 diabetes supplement with CoQ10 for 12 weeks. Doing so significantly reduced fasting blood sugar levels and hemoglobin A1C, which is the average of blood sugar levels over the past two to three months.

Lastly, CoQ10 might help prevent diabetes by stimulating the breakdown of fats and reducing the accumulation of fat cells that could lead to obesity or type 2 diabetes.

6. Lower risk of stroke

Athletic Greens contains Folate. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), researchers have found that folic acid supplements lower levels of the amino acid homocysteine. High levels of this amino acid are linked to a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.

7. Possible reduced risk of cognitive decline

Athletic Greens contains Folate. Homocysteine is also associated with a higher risk of dementia. While studies have not shown that taking folic acid reduces the risk of dementia in otherwise healthy people, those who are at risk of cognitive decline in older age may benefit from taking it. Evidence suggests that it may help preserve memory and executive function in at-risk groups.

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8. May Protect Your Brain Against Free Radicals and Improve Brain Function

Athletic Greens contains Manganese. Manganese is essential for healthy brain function and often used to help treat specific nervous disorders.

One way it does this is through its antioxidant properties, particularly its role in the function of the powerful antioxidant superoxide dismutase (SOD), which can help protect against free radicals that could otherwise damage brain cells in the neural pathway.

Additionally, manganese can bind to neurotransmitters and stimulate faster or more efficient movement of electrical impulses throughout your body. As a result, brain function may be improved.

While adequate manganese levels are necessary for your brain’s functioning, it’s important to note that too much of the mineral can have negative effects on the brain.

9. May support weight loss

Athletic Greens contains Apples. Apples are high in fiber and water, two qualities that make them filling.

An increasing feeling of fullness works as a weight-loss strategy, as it helps manage your appetite. This, in turn, might lead you to reduce your energy intake.

In one study, eating whole apples increased feelings of fullness for up to 4 hours longer than consuming equal amounts of apple purée or juice. This happened, because whole apples reduce gastric emptying — the rate at which your stomach empties its contents.

Research also suggests apple intake may significantly reduce Body Mass Index (BMI), a weight-related risk factor for heart disease.

Interestingly, apple polyphenols may also have anti-obesity effects

10. May promote gut health

Athletic Greens contains Apples. Apples contain pectin, a type of fiber that acts as a prebiotic. This means it feeds your gut microbiota, which is the good bacteria in your gut.

Being involved in many functions related to both health and disease, your gut microbiota plays an essential role in your overall well-being. A healthy gut is often key for better health.

Since dietary fiber cannot be digested, pectin reaches your colon intact, promoting the growth of good bacteria. It especially improves the ratio of Bacteriodetes to Firmicutes, the two main types of bacteria in your gut.

New research suggests that, by beneficially altering your gut microbiota, apples may help protect against chronic diseases like obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer

11. May Lower ‘Bad’ LDL Cholesterol and Increase ‘Good’ HDL Cholesterol

Athletic Greens contains Artichoke leaf extract. Artichoke leaf extract may have a positive effect on cholesterol levels.

A large review in over 700 people found that supplementing with artichoke leaf extract daily for 5–13 weeks led to a reduction in total and “bad” LDL cholesterol.

One study in 143 adults with high cholesterol showed that artichoke leaf extract taken daily for six weeks resulted in an 18.5% and 22.9% decrease in total and “bad” LDL cholesterol, respectively.

Additionally, an animal study reported a 30% reduction in “bad” LDL cholesterol and a 22% reduction in triglycerides after regular consumption of artichoke extract.

What’s more, regularly consuming artichoke extract may boost “good” HDL cholesterol in adults with high cholesterol.

Artichoke extract affects cholesterol in two primary ways.

First, artichokes contain luteolin, an antioxidant which prevents cholesterol formation.

Second, artichoke leaf extract encourages your body to process cholesterol more efficiently, leading to lower overall levels.

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12. Controls blood sugar

Athletic Greens contains Inulin. Inulin slows digestion, including the digestion of carbohydrates. This allows sugar to be released slowly without spiking, which promotes healthy blood sugar levels.

A 2015 study revealed that inulin might benefit people with prediabetes. It can act as a potential blood sugar stabilizer when present in your diet over a long period of time.

Some research suggests these properties make inulin a good weight management aid.

13. May help improve sleep 

Athletic Greens contains Ashwagandha. Many people take ashwagandha to promote restful sleep, and some evidence suggests it may help with sleep issues.

For example, a study in 50 adults ages 65–80 found that taking 600 mg of ashwagandha root per day for 12 weeks significantly improved sleep quality and mental alertness upon waking compared with a placebo treatment.

Additionally, one review of five high quality studies found that ashwagandha had a small but significant positive effect on overall sleep quality.

Taking ashwagandha reduced people’s anxiety levels and helped them feel more alert when they woke up.

The researchers noted that results were more pronounced in people with insomnia and in those who took more than 600 mg daily for 8 weeks or longer.

14. Removes toxins from the blood

Athletic Greens contains burdock. One of the most common uses for burdock root has been to purify the blood.

Recent evidence has found that burdock root contains active ingredients in its root system that can remove toxins from the bloodstream.

Research also found that burdock root effectively detoxified blood and promoted increased circulation in the surface of the skin.

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Side Effects of Athletic Greens Ingredients

When taken at the recommended doses, the ingredients in Athletic Greens supplement are generally safe to consume. However, you should bear in mind that some may cause side effects when used improperly.

For example, Athletic Greens contains barley grass. Barley grass is likely safe for most people. However, in some rare cases, it might cause gas, bloating, or feelings of fullness in some people.

Final Verdict: Are Athletic Greens Ingredients Safe or Harmful?

To conclude, the ingredients used in Athletic Greens supplement are generally safe for adults. They are natural ingredients that do not usually have any side effects, but it should not be used by kids or women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. All you need to do is follow the dosage instructions.

However, while there have been no reported side effects of Athletic Greens supplements in most healthy adults, you might still consult your doctor for double confirmation. 

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